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Victorian Political Parties

Below is a list of registered parties in Victoria. Note that these parties are merely registered, not all of them may stand candidates in the election.

The main parties

Australian Labor PartyLabor

Social: Centre-left.
Economic: Centre.

Ideology: Social democracy, social liberalism

The Australian Labor Party (ALP) (Victorian Branch) are currently in government in Victoria and have been since the 2014 State Election, led by State Premier Daniel Andrews. Core to the party's agenda in government has been infrastructure spending, roads and public transport and education and schools funding. They have also spruiked their clean energy credentials by promoting renewable energy development as well as legislating a ban on coal seam gas mining. Despite their leftish credentials on face value, the ALP still continue to promote a law and order agenda and don't support public ownership of energy assets, nor have they done much in the way of public housing - which sits them mostly in the centre on economic policy with a lean to the left on social policy. Victorian Labor are considered to be more 'left-leaning' compared to the other ALP state branches.


Liberal Party of AustraliaLiberal

Social: Centre-right to Right-wing
Economic: Centre-right

Ideology: Economic liberalism, social conservatism.

The Liberal Party of Australia (Victorian Branch) are currently in Opposition in Victoria, currently led by Matthew Guy and form the majority of the Coalition with The Nationals. The Victorian Liberals have often been regarded as one of the more moderate branches of the Liberal Party in Australia, however they have taken a lurch to the right in recent times and recent events may actually push them further right when it comes to social policy. They are pushing a big law and order as well as anti union and generally socially conservative agenda. Economically, the Victorian Liberals are more 'wet' compared to their counterparts federally and in other states and are more willing to pump money into small scale local initiatives as well as transport - but still push a low taxing, low spending agenda.


The NationalsThe Nationals

Social: Centre-right to Right-wing
Economic: Centre to Centre-right

Ideology: Agrariansm, economic liberalism, social conservatism.

The National Party are the minor partners in the Liberal National Coalition in Victoria and are based in the most sparsely populated rural seats, mostly in northern and eastern Victoria. At this current stage, the Nationals are coming across as less reactionary than their Liberal counterparts, but generally support the same economic policies as the Liberal Party - staunchly supporting private enterprise as well as decentralisation. They are, however, willing to support government spending if it is going into rural areas.


Australian Greens (Victoria)The Greens

Social: Centre-left to Left-wing
Economic: Centre to Centre-left

Ideology: Green politics, social democracy, social liberalism, democratic socialism (minority)

The Australian Greens (Victoria) are the third main party in Victoria, currently holding three seats in the lower house. Their strongest support exists in the inner city of Melbourne and support a generally socially progressive policy agenda, including in principle opposition to the law and order agenda of both major parties, support for investment in renewable energy over fossil fuels, support for investment into public transport over roads, support for increasing public housing stock as well as support for renationalising the energy network. Though they support some aspects of socialisation, they still broadly support the status quo economic framework positioning them close to the centre. They are undoubtedly left on social policy, however. The Victorian Greens are among the more 'right-leaning' of the Australian Greens state parties.

Parties with state parliamentary representation

Australian ConservativesAustralian Conservatives:

Social: Right-wing
Economic: Right-wing

Ideology: Social conservatism, fiscal conservatism, economic liberalism, right-wing populism

The Australian Conservatives is a party established by Federal Senator Cory Bernardi, but in Victoria - they have one representative, Rachel Carling-Jenkins, who represents the Western Victoria Region in the Legislative Council. As the name implies, they take staunchly conservative positions on social issues as well as pushing for a low spending, low taxing agenda and support for free market enterprise.


Reason PartyReason:

Social: Centre-left to Left-wing
Economic: Centre

Ideology: Social liberalism, civil libertarianism, economic liberalism

Reason is the new name for the Australian Sex Party, currently represented by Fiona Patten in the Legislative Council Northern Metropolitan Region. They support the principles of personal choice and responsibility; including legalising abortions, dying with dignity, drug law reform and universal healthcare and education. Their economic policy supports some government intervention into areas around the minimum wage, science and innovation, and carbon pricing - but otherwise generally support private enterprise over public ownership.


Shooters, Fishers and Farmers PartyShooters, Fishers and Farmers Party

Social: Right-wing
Economic: Right-wing

Ideology: Fiscal conservatism, agrariansm, right-wing populism, right-wing libertarianism, gun rights

The Shooters, Fishers and Farmers Party are currently represented by two upper house MPs in Victoria and are principally concerned with gun rights. While they don't have specific policy positions, they generally take conservative positions on social and moral issues, while their economic positions are generally low spending, low taxing and support for the free market - they do, however, support interventionist measures to reduce market domination in the retail sector, particularly concerning agricultural products.


Vote 1 Local JobsVote 1 Local Jobs

Social: N/A
Economic: Centre

Ideology: Decentralisation

Vote 1 Local Jobs is the party of James Purcell, who represents the Western Victoria Region in the legislative council. As the name implies, they support a combination of interventionism and deregulation to create jobs and stimulate economic activity, particularly in regional areas.

Registered parties without parliamentary representation

Animal Justice PartyAnimal Justice Party

Social: Centre-left
Economic: Centre

Ideology: Animal rights

The Animal Justice Party are primarily concerned with animal rights advocacy and their policy positions centre around advancing the rights of non-human animals and that all areas of policy should take the welfare of animals into account.


Australian Country PartyAustralian Country Party

Social: Centre-right
Economic: Centre-right

Ideology: Regionalism, agrariansm

The Australian Country Party was previously known as the Country Alliance. Like Country Alliance, the Australian Country Alliance have very few policies due to their belief that MPs elected into public office should be making decisions based on the needs and views of their constituents. Generally, they take conservative positions on moral issues while supporting a small government, low taxing, low spending agenda - including decentralising of government agencies into regional areas.


Democratic Labour PartyDemocratic Labour Party

Social: Right-wing
Economic: Centre

Ideology: Distributism, social conservatism

The Democratic Labour Party are effectively a socially conservative version of the Australian Labor Party. They support the role of trade unions as well as legislated support for other workplace conditions such as the minimum wage and portable leave. They also support decentralisation and growth in regional areas and increasing public housing. On social policy, they support a voucher system when it comes to education and are traditionalist when it comes to moral issues such as marriage.


Health Australia PartyHealth Australia Party

Social: Centre
Economic: Centre

Ideology: Liberalism, naturopathy

Health Australia Party are primarily concerned around the promotion of natural medicine and their opposition to water fluoridation as well as vaccines. Economically, they take a centrist stance, supporting small business and opposing the influence of 'big' business', 'big unions' and 'red tape' while supporting interventionist measures to support the most disadvantaged as well as renewable energy and environmental matters.


Liberal Democratic PartyLiberal Democratic Party

Social: Centre-left
Economic: Right-wing

Ideology: Libertarianism

The Liberal Democratic Party support individualism and personal responsibility when it comes to social policy, while also supporting economic deregulation and free market principles when it comes to economic policy. In short: they support stances on social issues that don't impede on anyone except for the individual, while also supporting the privatisation of most state run institutions.


Socialist AllianceSocialist Alliance

Social: Left-wing
Economic: Left-wing

Ideology: Socialism, eco-socialism

Socialist Alliance advocate for socialism and do this through a combination of electoral work as well as work in social movements. They support a progressive social policy agenda, particularly concerning equal rights, self-determination and providing support to the most disadvantaged. Economically, they support public ownership and running of schools, hospitals, energy infrastructure and housing. They are also opposed to the law and order agenda of the state government.


Transport Matters PartyTransport Matters Party

 

 


Victorian SocialistsVictorian Socialists

Social: Left-wing
Economic: Left-wing

Ideology: Socialism

The Victorian Socialists were established as an electoral alliance between Socialist Alliance, Socialist Alternative and other independents to contest the Northern Metropolitan Region in the upper house. They thus support a particular focus on public housing and public transport and are opposed to privatisation and the law and order agenda of the state government.


Voluntary Euthanasia PartyVoluntary Euthanasia Party